On 29 September 2020, SAC and MIIT released two national standards: (i) GB/T 23004-2020—Reference architecture for the integration of informatisation and industrialisation ecosystems (hereinafter referred to as Reference Architecture standard); and GB/T 23005-2020—Integration of informatisation and industrialisation management systems—Consulting service guidance (hereinafter referred to as Guidance standard).
The Reference Architecture standard outlines three analytical views (organisation ecology, value network, information physical space), four elements (data, technology, business procedure, organisation structure), and three development phases (digitalisation, networking, intelligence). All together, these constitute a solid framework of theories and approaches for improving the comprehensive awareness of the integration between informatisation and industrialisation and for systematically promoting the deep integration.
The Guidance standard outlines the principles and targets of management systems and consulting services for the integration of informatisation and industrialisation; as well as the capability requirements, guidelines and public supervision mechanisms for consulting services. All together, these provide general guidance and implementation recommendations for all relevant organisations and personnel to standardise their consulting services.
Both standards are in the serial standards for the integration of informatisation and industrialisation. As such, they should be used together with GB/T 23000-2017—Integration of informatisation and industrialisation management systems—Fundamentals and vocabulary, and with GB/T 23001-2017—Integration of informatisation and industrialisation management systems—Requirements. These will provide support to all relevant companies to complete strategic transformation, management optimisation, technology integration, data application, and core competitiveness enhancement.
The serial standards for the integration of informatisation and industrialisation management systems, represents China’s first set of management system standards that have been independently formulated, implemented on a large scale, and successfully promoted internationally. It falls under the centralised management of the National Technical Committee on the Management of the Integration of Informatisation and Industrialisation (SAC/TC573). To date, 28,655 companies across China have implemented the standards of the integration management systems, and more than 2,000 organisations have launched standard consulting services for the integration management systems.
‘Integration of informatisation and industrialisation’ (liang hua rong he) refers to the wide application of electronic information technology in every industrial production segment. Informatisation has become a key but regular method for industrial companies for their management and operation activities. Informatisation and industrialisation processes are no longer separate: instead of unilaterally promoting one or the other, now the two processes have become inseparable and intertwined in all aspects, such as technology and product management. This also contributes to the emergence of new domains like industrial electronics, industrial software, industrial information services, and many others.
The integration of informatisation and industrialisation focuses mostly on four aspects: technology, products, business, and industry. This is to say that, the integration of informatisation and industrialisation paves the way for technological integration, product integration, business integration, and industrial derivation. Specifically:
Technological integration refers to the integration of industrial technology and information technology, which can generate new technologies and thus spur innovation. For example, the integration of automobile manufacturing technology with electronic technology generated automobile electronics technology; the integration of industry with computer control technology generated industrial control technology; etc.
Industrial integration refers to the embedment of electronic information technologies or products within other products, which can lead to an increase of the technical and added value of the product. For example, with the numerical control system, an ordinary machine tool becomes a numerically-controlled machine tool; with intelligent technologies, conventional home appliances become intelligent home appliances; a plane model with control chips can be remotely controlled; etc.
Business integration refers to the application of information technology within every production process and segment, for instance enterprises’ R&D/design, manufacturing, operations and management, marketing, etc. This can stimulate enterprises to innovate their business and upgrade management. For example, the computer-based management approach significantly increased management efficiency by transforming the conventional manual ledger; the application of information technology further improved the automatisation and smartification of production, which too increased efficiency; internet marketing has already become a new key marketing trend, which led to the expansion of the target consumer base and to the reduction of overall marketing costs.
Industrial derivation refers to the creation of new industries and new commercial activities, such as: industrial electronics – which includes mechanical electronics, automobile electronics, shipment electronics, avionics and so on; industrial software – which includes industrial design software, industrial control software and so on; industrial information service – which includes industrial enterprises B2B e-commerce, industrial raw materials, large-sacle trade of finished products, industrial enterprises informatisation counselling, and so on.
Drafted by Ming