This standard specifies the terms and definitions, classification principles, and technical requirements of driving automation systems for vehicles, and it is applicable to type M and N vehicles.
SAE J3016 is used as reference for this standard, in which driving automation is divided into 0-5 levels, safety assistance functions such as AEB and non-driving automation functions are distinguished from each other at level 0, and requirements for the monitoring of driver takeover capabilities and risk mitigation strategies have been increased with clear minimum security requirements in order to reduce security risks in practical applications.
Driving automation technology is one of the internationally recognised areas of focus for future development. It can provide safer, more energy-efficient, more environmentally friendly, and more comfortable travel modes and comprehensive solutions. It is also an important part of the urban intelligent transportation system and the core element of a green car society, which can not only upgrade automobile products and technologies, but also restructure the entire automobile and related industries and value chain system. China, the United States, Europe, and Japan have taken driving automation technology as a key development direction in the transportation field and made strategic arrangements at the national level.
In China, SAC/TC114 has studied the Taxonomy of Driving Automation for Vehicles as the first batch of standards in the intelligent connected vehicle standard system as early as January 2017. In December 2017, MIIT issued the Guide to the Construction of the National Internet of Vehicles Industry Standard System (Intelligent Connected Vehicles) and proposed an overall plan for the construction of an intelligent connected vehicle standard system in China. In the plan, the intelligent connected vehicle standard system includes a total of 99 standard formulation plans. Among them, the taxonomy of driving automation for vehicles is one of the 11 basic standards of the intelligent connected vehicle standard system, which plays a foundational support role for the entire standard system and can provide support for the subsequent promulgation of laws, regulations and standards related to autonomous driving.
The Taxonomy of Driving Automation for Vehicles was developed by SAC/TC114/Advanced Driving Assistance System (ADAS) Standard Working Group and is expected to come into force on January 1, 2021.