On April 16, 2020, MIIT published the key points of standardization for new energy vehicles planned in 2020. In 2020, standardization work will be fully in accordance with the national strategy of developing new energy vehicles and adhere to the principles of innovation, integration, openness and cooperation. In general, China will continue to improve the standards system, accelerate the development of key standards, deepen international exchanges and cooperation, and give full play to the leading role of standards in technological innovation and industrial upgrading to support the high-quality development of China’s new energy vehicles. The key points of standardization work for new energy vehicles are as follows.
Continue to optimize the standards system
Strengthen the top-level design for standards. Guided by the needs of large-scale industrial development and the innovation and development of new technologies, comprehensively review standards projects under development and standards plans for the next five years for electric vehicles. Strengthen preliminary research and effectiveness evaluation of important standards. Focus on the comparison between Chinese standards and international standards and regulations. Determine the phased standard-development objectives and key work nodes, and complete the formulation of the “14th Five-Year Plan” standards system for new energy vehicles.
Set up the standards work path. Propose the mid- and long-term development goals of the new energy vehicles standards system according to the technological development trend and industrial development demand of new energy vehicles and related fields. Compile and publish the China Standardization Roadmap for Electric Vehicles Version 3.0 to support the integrated and sustainable development of the new energy vehicle industry.
Accelerate the development of key standards
Electric vehicles: Complete the technical review of safety requirements standards for electric vehicles after collisions, and carry out the research of standards on evaluation methods and test procedures for safety performance of electric vehicles in use; complete the development of standards on test methods of pure electric vehicle energy consumption and driving range, and hybrid electric vehicle energy consumption, and also follow the procedures of the application for approval; push forward the revision of standards proposals on testing methods for power performance of pure electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles.
Fuel cell vehicles: Accelerate the development of standards for the hydrogenation gun and the hydrogenation port of fuel cell electric vehicles, and complete the approval of standards for the hydrogenation communication protocol; promote vehicle standards on safety requirements for fuel cell electric vehicles after collisions, vehicle test methods on low-temperature cold starting, energy consumption and driving range and power performance, as well as standards for key components such as fuel cell electric vehicle engines, air compressors and on-board hydrogen systems.
Power batteries: Carry out pre-research on the safety test methods standards for power batteries that meet different needs, and accelerate the development of standards related to the electrical performance and cycle life of power cells; carry out pre-research on the revision of standards on power battery specifications and dimensions, and improve the standards system for the modularization of power batteries; complete the technical review of standards on discharge specifications for power battery recycling and utilization and on identification of the products that go through echelon utilization, and call for comments on the design guidelines for echelon utilization and construction specifications for recycling service outlets.
Charging: Complete the review and approval of standards on electromagnetic compatibility for conductive charging, call for comments on standards for safety requirements of conductive charging, promote the revision of standards related to the general requirements of charging connection devices, and carry out testing and verification of large current charging; accelerate the development of interoperability requirements and testing standards for wireless charging of electric vehicles and standards on electromagnetic compatibility; complete the review and approval of safety requirements for electric vehicle battery swap.
Deepen international exchanges and cooperation
Participate in global technical regulatory coordination. Fulfill the responsibility as the leading role in the regulatory working group under the United Nations World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (UN/WP29), promote the second phase work of the global technical regulations on the safety of electric vehicles, and participate in the formulation and coordination of relevant technical regulations under the framework of the working group on electric vehicles and environments and fuel cell vehicles.
Deeply participate in international standards development. Track the development of standards by the Road Vehicles Committee of ISO (ISO/TC22) and the Electrical Power/Energy Transfer Systems for Electrically Propelled Road Vehicles and Industrial Trucks Committee of IEC (IEC/TC69) and their subordinate working groups. With the focus on the safety of electric vehicles, power batteries, charging and battery swap, and fuel cell vehicles, organize domestic enterprises, technical institutions and experts to actively carry out special studies and technical verification, and conduct research on proposals of international standards for the participation in their development.
Carry out extensive international cooperation and exchanges. Relying on multilateral and bilateral cooperation and dialogue mechanisms between China and Europe, China and Germany, China and France, China and Japan, and APEC, China will strengthen communication and coordination as well as deepen cooperation on standards in key areas. Seizing the opportunity of jointly building the “One Belt One Road” Initiative, China will focus on strengthening standardization exchanges on electric vehicles with ASEAN, Central Asia and other countries, and actively promote the “going global” of China’s new energy vehicle standards.
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