On April 16, 2020, MIIT released the key points of standardization work for intelligent connected vehicles (ICV) in 2020. The year 2020 marks the completion of the first phase in the construction of the standards system for ICV, and also initiates the planning of work for the next phase. In general, the focus of standardization work for ICV in 2020 is to promote the synergy between the standards system and industrial demand, strengthen the mutual support of standards systems and technological development, establish a new standards system for coordinating national, sector and association standards, promote the rapid development and application of ICV technology, and give full play to the leading and normative role of standards to support the transformation, upgrading and high-quality development of China’s automobile industry.
- Accomplish the objectives of the standards system
Improve the establishment of a standards system for ICV. Achieve the first phase objective proposed in the Guidelines for the Establishment of the Standards System for the National Internet of Vehicles Industry (Intelligent Connected Vehicle), which is to form a standards system for ICV that can support driving assistance and low-level autonomous driving. Carry out surveys and analyses to determine the demand for national, sector and association standards, further improve the ICV standards system, and develop a standardization roadmap for the function and application of automobile networking to ensure the second phase objectives of the standards system support high-level automatic driving.
Establish the evaluation mechanism for the development and implementation of ICV standards. According to the development of the ICV industry, organize the research and development of standards, especially focusing on advanced driving assistance systems, automatic driving, information security, function safety, and automobile network functions and applications. Strengthen the pre-research of standards and the verification of key technical indicators, and improve the matching and adhesion between standards and industrial development. Select typical enterprises and products to carry out tracking evaluation for the implementation of standards to realize the closed-loop management and continuous improvement of the ICV standards system.
- Promote the development of product management and application demonstration standards
Increase the effective supply of standards for ICV product management. Adapt to the commercialization of ICV and accelerate the development of general standards that can support the safety evaluation of ICV products, including standards for general technical requirements, information security, and functional security of automatic driving systems. Promote the development of standards for simulation, closed field, and actual road testing and evaluation to form the comprehensive evaluation ability of ICV autonomous driving. Complete the project approval and development of key standards for data recording systems, test scenarios and software upgrades for self-driving cars. Initiate the research on standards for the performance test evaluation, test equipment and tools, and laboratory capability evaluation methods of ICV networks, and improve service capabilities of China’s ICV testing.
Give full play to the role of standards in supporting key industrial demand and demonstration applications. For unmanned connections, unmanned logistics and other new industrial models, and the application demonstration requirements of specific scenes such as ports, parks and parking lots, complete the project approval research of the required technical standards. Accelerate the development of relevant standards for testing the autonomous driving function of ICV to provide strong support for ICV road tests and application demonstrations. Continuously improve the test and evaluation standards system of ICV, create a high-quality development, testing and application environment to facilitate the application and commercialization of ICV technology.
- Accelerate the development of urgently needed key standards
Coordinate the development of basic and general standards. Publicize and implement the classification standards of driving automation, and complete the initiation of standards proposals for ICV terminology and definitions, and the study of standards for the classification of intelligent parking functions. Based on the planning of standards for vehicle operating systems, conduct the pre-studies and form the drafts of basic and general standards. Sort out the needs of standards for ICV information classification and coding, data structure and transmission format, vehicle-mounted computing platforms, high-performance information processing units, and vehicle-mounted high-speed networks, and timely carry out the initiation of the proposal for these standards.
Accelerate the development of standards for intelligent automobiles. Complete the development of standards for driver attention monitoring systems and commercial vehicle lane maintenance assistance systems. Speed up the project approval of standards for automobile panoramic image monitoring systems, automobile night vision systems, general technical requirements of ICV automatic driving systems, and on-site testing methods of automatic driving function Carry out pre-research and application for project approval of standards for heads-up display systems, combined driving assistance systems, automatic driving simulation and actual road test methods, and automatic driving human-computer interaction systems. While taking the lead in drafting international standards for automatic driving test scenarios, initiate the development of relevant standards in China.
Promote the development of automobile networking standards. Complete the review and approval of standards including vehicle information interaction systems based on LTE-V2X direct connection communication, general technical requirements for automobile information security, and information security of vehicle information interaction systems. Promote the approval of relevant standards for automobile diagnostic interfaces, risk assessment and emergency response. Complete the pre-research of standards for the information interaction between ICV and mobile terminals, and the security early warning systems based on networked communications. Conduct research on key information security assurance standards for ICV digital certificates and car passwords. Carry out the standard conversion of ISO 21434 (Road vehicles — Cybersecurity Engineering) and ISO 20077 (Road Vehicles — Extended Vehicle Methodology).
Strengthen industry collaboration and joint research on standards. In cross-industry areas such as vehicle and road coordination, high-precision maps and positioning, cloud platforms and test sites, strengthen coordination among relevant technical committees of all industries. Facilitate the alignment with social organizations that develop association standards. Continuously optimize and improve the effective supply of standardization in all industries through encouraging the research on the demand for joint standards and cross-industry standards. Meet the needs of ICV foresight technology research and development, cross-industry collaborative innovation and application model exploration.
- Deepen exchanges and cooperation on international standards and regulations
Strengthen the coordination of international standards and regulations for ICV. Perform the leading role in the Autonomous Driving and Networked Vehicle Working Group and Automatic Function Requirements Informal Working Group of UN/WP 29 (World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations). Accelerate the coordination of UN global technical regulations on automatic lane keeping systems, automatic driving data recording systems, information security and software upgrades. Participate in the international standardization activities of ICV at the ISO level. Lead the development of international standards for terms and definitions of automatic driving test scenarios and the specifications of the operating scope of automatic driving design. Undertake the drafting of key standards such as expected function safety and software upgrade projects.
Actively carry out exchanges and cooperation with relevant foreign organizations and institutions. Give full play to the role of key organizations and industry experts to track, coordinate and convert international ICV standards. Make full use of the international expert consultant group on ICV standards and strengthen communication with international organizations such as UN/WP 29, ISO, standardization institutions of major automobile producing countries, international advanced automobile manufacturers and parts manufacturers to provide suggestions for the establishment and implementation of China’s ICV standards system. Relying on the inter-governmental dialogue and cooperation framework on automotive standards and different types of cooperation mechanisms in the automotive field, strengthen exchanges and cooperation with EU, Germany, France, Japan and countries along the “Belt and Road” Initiative. Encourage industrial organizations and industry alliances to participate in international standardization activities, coordinate and promote the development of ICV technology and industry.
Source Link: http://www.miit.gov.cn/n1146290/n1146402/n1146440/c7865090/content.html